Surrender of Argentine Forces on the Falkland Islands
31 years ago today hostilities between Britain and Argentina ended when the remaining Argentine forces in Port Stanley surrendered. British troops entered Stanley on the 14th and Brigadier General Mario Menéndez surrendered to Major General Jeremy Moore (of the Royal Marines):
Headquarters, Land Forces
INSTRUMENT OF SURRENDER
I, the undersigned, Commander of all the Argentine land, sea and air forces in the Falkland Islands [Menéndez’s signature, scribbled over the crossed-out word of “unconditionally”] surrender to Major General J.J. MOORE CB OBE MC* as representative of Her Britannic Majesty’s Government.
Under the terms of this surrender all Argentine personnel in the Falkland Islands are to muster at assembly points which will be nominated by General Moore and hand over their arms, ammunition, and all other weapons and warlike equipment as directed by General Moore or appropriate British officers acting on his behalf.
Following the surrender all personnel of the Argentinian Forces will be treated with honour in accordance with the conditions set out in the Geneva Convention of 1949. They will obey any directions concerning movement and in connection with accommodation.
This surrender is to be effective from 2359 hours ZULU on 14 June (2059 hours local) and includes those Argentine Forces presently deployed in and around Port Stanley, those others on East Falkland, West Falkland and all outlying islands.
Mario Menéndez - Commander Argentine Forces
J. J. MOORE Major General
2359 hours 14 June 1982
This document marked the end of the war, and the capitulation of all Argentine soldier on British soil. The war lasted 74 days, with 255 British and 649 Argentine soldiers, marines, sailors, and airmen, and three civilian Falklanders killed (3 women killed in a friendly fire incident).
The Falklands conflict remains the largest air-naval combat operation between modern forces since the end of the Second World War.